*An unjust policy that only enrich the rich and impoverish the poor. A look at Enugu State Wasteful Leadership & gross incompetent*
*Martins Chiedozie Ugwu*
Globalization is the reality of our day and age. There is increasing economic, social, technical, cultural and political interdependence between nations. People are more inter-connected now than ever before. The availability of worldwide communication systems through rapid improvements in communication technology and the internet has led to more international trade and cultural exchange.
But globalization does not appear to be hastening Nigeria’s development worst still is Enugu State where no reasonable and sincere policy for the young ones to create wealth is in place. The problem is also rooted in the political structure and the leadership culture prevalent in Africa which the Enugu State administration is not exceptional looking at their archaic policy with no reasonable impact to the poor. Policies that only benefit the rich is unjust policy. Policy that deflect the worth of the poor and increase the pocket of the rich.
A broader view of leadership development provides insights into why some initiatives are more successful than others at generating change in individual behaviour. To have an impact, the capabilities being developed in the individual need to mesh with the leadership culture in which the leader is embedded. Most of the leadership development curriculum developed in Western countries may not particularly address individual situations, especially youth in developing parts of the world, who have little education as a foundation, and who are distracted by the struggle for survival occasioned by rampant poverty conspicuously structured by these elite to keep the poor poorer and the rich richer.
However, most developing economies have political and economic systems that are extractive. Those in the ruling class have a strong hold on political power, and use it to channel economic resources to benefit themselves and those close to them. Federal allocation, IGR and aid fund, when channelled through such extractive systems, almost never reaches the most vulnerable in society. We need to rethink the form of policy we need and the platforms for distributing or offering it.
The cultivation of leaders with exceptional character and skills is critical to Africa’s development. Our leaders should recognize that it is too late to teach someone who occupies a high position in government like state governors or president how to lead during side talks at global events. If you don’t know it, you can’t learn it there. They should also bear in mind that there has to be alignment between the sense of identity of the leader and that of the followers for leadership to work. The unnecessary convoy and bourgeois lifestyle of our leaders also helping to create the divide.
Incompetence in leadership in most African countries is not only the problem of people who occupy positions in government; it is a reflection of the leadership culture. We’ve had different leaders with the same results for decades. The power distance that exists between leaders in government and citizens is also
reflected in organizations and families. In such a structure, African leaders don’t serve; they are served, because occupying leadership positions make leaders superior and unaccountable to the people they lead. Africa needs leadership development systems, and it is incumbent on development partners and global leaders to understand how cultural differences affect these.
Recent studies show that more than 200,000 African immigrants cross the Mediterranean Sea to flee wars and poverty in pursuit of better opportunities abroad. In a similar manner, youth can easily be influenced by extremist groups. Studies have shown that at least 27 per cent of youth recruited in terrorist groups in Africa did so for economic reasons, and 13 per cent for lack of better opportunities. All-inclusive strategic collaboration is key to finding lasting solutions.
The United Nations Security Council Resolution 2250 on the inclusive representation of youth notes that a lack of leadership opportunities, protection and support for young people leave them open to a wide range of undesirable influences, including antisocial,forms of engagement.
While I will like to acknowledge here that, there is no single solution to resolving youth unemployment in Africa, it argues that African leaders, our governors need to start from somewhere. They need to abandon Western economic models that do not serve their people. They need to stop wasting African resources in the so-called “Security vote, self enrichment and favouritism activities to the expense of vital sectors such as health, education, agriculture and housing. African leaders also need to strop colluding with Western countries in stealing Africa’s wealth. Finally, Western countries need to stop supporting African dictators and corrupt leaders who are only in power to serve their interests and those of their Western backers.
Finally, African young people are the ones who would create employment for themselves by saying “no” to African leaders who are unable and unwilling to put African resources in the vital sectors mentioned above. This is also where global solidarity plays its role; and the rest of the world should to say “no” to our leaders and their corporate clients that the 21st century is a century for humanity and not for multinational corporations. An economic model that puts humanity first is the only one that can survive the test of time. That economic model is what Africa needs to be able to employ its young people; it is what humanity needs.
*Fellow Martins Chiedozie Ugwu* is the Former International President All African Students, Former Country representative of World Students Assembly,
Facilitator, Students for Change Initiative and Chancellor – Noble Youth Organisation of Africa.
Gubernatorial Candidate in Enugu state, Nigeria under
Justice Must Prevail Party (JMPP)